Indonesia's rainforests are the third largest in the world, however it is predicted to be reduced to nothing in about 20 years time as currently 4-5 football fields are destroyed daily due to illegal logging and a culture of slash and burn being practiced yearly to clear the rainforest to make way for local agriculture & plantations such as palm oil (see: http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=%2F2011%2F10%2F1%2Fbusiness%2F9507563&sec=business)
Not only are Indonesian locals suffering, but so are their neighbouring countries, Malaysia and Singapore, experiencing extreme haze and smog forcing many citizens to turn to respiratory masks to help them breathe and to hopefully block out nasty stuff from entering their lungs. These Asian brothers are the canaries and it would be interesting to identify the percentage of respiratory disorders such as asthma, brochial disorders and lung cancer that have arisen over the past number of years and in the future.
This year, reports of pollution from Indonesia has gone worldwide due to Singapore having a PSI reading above 300. Essentially this means the air quality is not fit for human consumption! (see http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/06/20/singapore-haze_pictures-indonesia-_n_3470641.html)
(see report: http://www.scidev.net/global/biodiversity/news/indonesian-forest-fires-could-endanger-region-warns-scientist.html)
The Indonesian government has stated the slash/burning is a result of Singaporean/Malaysian investments (see report: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/jun/24/indonesia-forest-fire-malaysia-singapore), and locals have pointed the finger at lack of law enforcement (see http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/archive/hazy-solutions-in-struggle-to-stop-people-burning-indonesias-forests/). Just as BP's oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico had consequences, there will be future repercussions for irresponsible organisations and countries.
Do note deforestation is not just a "developing nation" disease. Countries like Tasmania (an Australian island) continue to allow corporate developments to slip through the net, and allow large areas to be chopped down (see http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0702-hance_tasmania_forestry.html).
The world has a balancing act to decide upon - corporate developments, survival of a population that needs to understand about sustainable practices or nurturing our lungs of the world.